Nov30 30/11/2015 00:01:00 by alex

An explosion in the use of indeterminate sentences and the increased use of long determinate sentences are key drivers behind the near doubling of prison numbers in the past two decades. The latest edition of the Bromley Briefing Prison Factfile, published today (30 November) by the Prison Reform Trust, reveals the cost of our addiction to imprisonment in wasted time, money and lives.

For the full story click 'read more'.

Oct28 28/10/2014 00:01:00 by alex

A prison system built to hold young men is struggling to cope with the rapidly growing numbers of old, sick and disabled people behind bars, a new Prison Reform Trust report, supported by the Bromley Trust, reveals.

The report, launched at HMP Brixton today (Tuesday 28 October), comes the day before the Prisons Minister Andrew Selous MP is due to give evidence on older prisoners to the Justice Select Committee.

People aged 60 and over and those aged 50–59 are the first and second fastest growing age groups in the prison population. Between 2002 and 2014 there was an increase of 146% and 122% in the number of prisoners held in those age groups respectively. On 31 March 2014 there were 102 people in prison aged 80 and over. Five people in prison were 90 or older.

Ever-lengthening sentences mean people in prison are growing old and frail with high rates of unmet social care and support needs. Two in five (37%) of those over the age of 50 in prison have a disability.

May28 28/05/2014 00:01:00 by alex
A new report by the Prison Reform Trust, supported by the Bromley Trust, shows a system under significant strain with fewer staff, worsening safety, and fewer opportunities for rehabilitation.

Unprecedented cuts to the Ministry of Justice budget, due to total £2.4bn by 2015-16 , are creating a race to the bottom in prison conditions and the warehousing of people in super-sized jails, according to the Prison Reform Trust’s new report Prison: the facts. read more...
Apr29 29/04/2014 23:59:00 by tony
Letters and phone calls from prisoners reveal that, six months on from their introduction, new prison rules are undermining fairness and rehabilitation behind bars
Changes to prison rules introduced six months ago which include a ban on prisoners receiving books and other basic items are eliciting a strong sense of injustice in prisons and undermining opportunities for effective rehabilitation, a new briefing by the Prison Reform Trust reveals. read more...

background to private prisons

Faced with a rising prison population in the late 1980s the Conservative government saw prison privatisation as the most cost effective solution to the crisis, it was also part of the government’s determination to promote private enterprise and extend the free market into public services.

In 1986 the Parliamentary Home Affairs Select Committee concluded that the principal advantages of contracting-out prison building and management to the private sector were that:
•   It relieves the taxpayer of the immediate burden of having to pay for their initial capital cost
•   It dramatically accelerates their building
•   It produces greatly enhanced architectural efficiency and excellence.
The select committee proposed that as an experiment the Home Office should enable private sector companies to tender for the construction and management of prisons (Home Affairs Select Committee, 1987). However, it did not recommend how extensive this should be or give a time frame and no evaluation process was set out.

Following a tendering process in which the public sector was barred from participating, Group 4 was awarded a contract to manage HMP Wolds, a newly constructed 320-bed prison for unsentenced male prisoners that opened in April 1992. The prison had a number of initial problems and there was genuine cause for concern about aspects of the regime in its early stages.

The Conservative government, however, pressed on without a full evaluation and in 1993 announced that all new prisons would be privately built and operated under the private finance initiative. It was not deterred when Home Office commissioned research which evaluated the Wolds concluded in 1996 that:
..similar, and some might argue, better achievements are to be found in some new public sector prisons, showing that the private sector has no exclusive claim on innovation or imaginative management able to deliver high quality regimes… (Bottomley et al, 1996).
During the Conservatives’ time in office, as well as the Wolds, a further three prisons (Doncaster, Blakenhurst and Buckley Hall) were opened that had been built with public funds but were privately managed. The Conservatives also commissioned the private sector to build and run two more prisons, Parc and Altcourse.

The Labour Party vehemently opposed the Conservatives’ policy on private prisons, but within a week of being elected in 1997, it made a dramatic U-turn. On 8 May 1997 Jack Straw announced:
If there are contracts in the pipeline and the only way of getting the [new prison] accommodation in place very quickly is by signing those contracts, then I will sign those contracts.
In a speech to the Prison Officers Association the following year Straw announced that all new prisons would be privately built and run (Nathan, 2003).

Under Labour seven more PFI prisons were opened. The coalition government has agreed to build a new 800 place prison in east London.